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Green and low-carbon energy, boosting high-quality construction of "the belt and road initiative"

日期: 2022-03-31
浏览次数: 2

With the deepening of the global environmental and climate crisis, the concept of green and low-carbon has gradually been deeply rooted in people's hearts. Promoting the green, inclusive and sustainable recovery and development of the economy after the COVID-19 epidemic is not only the policy focus of all parties, but also an important aspect of competition among big countries.  

Energy industry is the main source of global carbon emissions. At present, 42% of global carbon emissions come from electricity and thermal energy production. Energy is the key cooperation area of the belt and road initiative. The green and low-carbon development of electric power is not only essential to realize the green, low-carbon and sustainable development of the belt and road initiative, but also will promote the green and low-carbon transformation of the global economy. In September 2021, President *** announced at the United Nations General Assembly that China would vigorously support the development of green and low-carbon energy in developing countries, and would not build new overseas coal-fired power projects, thus demonstrating China's global leading role in green and low-carbon energy governance.

China's global leading role in energy green and low-carbon governance has a solid foundation in terms of its concept, technology industry and institutional rules.

First of all, uphold the concept of green development. In response to the challenges of the global environmental and climate crisis, the Chinese government has been promoting ecological civilization and green development year by year, striving to achieve the goal of peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060. China proposes to build a 'Green Silk Road', advocate a green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable production and life style, strengthen ecological and environmental protection cooperation, build an ecological civilization, and jointly achieve the sustainable development goal in 2030. China has put forward a global development initiative, advocating the building of a community of human and natural life.

Secondly, it has strong technical and industrial support. China has established a new energy industry covering the whole industrial chain, with strong R&D, manufacturing, installation and operation and maintenance capabilities, forming a unique industrial advantage and a large number of outstanding enterprises, especially in the fields of comprehensive upgrading and transformation of wind power, photovoltaic, hydrogen energy and thermal power. In terms of new energy technologies, China's rapid development and large-scale application of new energy technologies such as new energy storage, hydrogen energy and comprehensive intelligent energy have effectively improved the matching degree between terminal energy consumption and new energy power generation.

Third, formulate green and low-carbon investment rules. Take China's green as the background of 'the belt and road initiative' cooperation, draw lessons from the rules and standards generally supported by all parties, and formulate green and low-carbon investment principles. The 'the belt and road initiative' Green Investment Principle (GIP), formulated and implemented under the guidance of the People's Bank of China in 2019, provides rules and framework for Chinese financial institutions to strengthen international cooperation in green finance. In just three years, more than 40 financial institutions from China, countries along the 'the belt and road initiative' and other countries have signed GIP to promote the gradual implementation of various principles.

Fourth, establish a green and low-carbon international cooperation platform. On the initiative of President ***, in 2019, 'the belt and road initiative' International Alliance for Green Development was formally established, and 'the belt and road initiative' eco-environmental big data service platform was launched. In the same year, the Green Alliance launched the 'Green Development Guide for the belt and road initiative Project' project, promoted the formulation of the classification guide for the belt and road initiative project, and provided green solutions for the co-construction of the country and projects. In addition, relevant Chinese government departments, enterprises and financial institutions have established international cooperation platforms in different fields and subjects.

With the increasing demand for green and low-carbon development in countries along the 'the belt and road initiative', green and low-carbon has become a new growth area of 'the belt and road initiative' cooperation, with fruitful cooperation results, which are mainly reflected in the following three aspects:

First, investment in green projects of energy infrastructure. Investment in green infrastructure projects supports sustainable long-term growth, while also helping to mitigate climate change. From 2013 to 2020, the cumulative controllable installed capacity of overseas investment of Chinese-funded enterprises in photovoltaic and wind power plants has exceeded 9GW. In 2015, the installed capacity of overseas investment of photovoltaic power plants by Chinese-funded enterprises was less than 500MW, and in 2019 it reached 4,500 MW, an increase of 8 times in just 4 years. From the investment comparison of renewable energy and fossil energy projects, the investment of renewable energy projects in the belt and road initiative, China accounted for 35% of the total energy investment in 2017, and it has been rising rapidly year after year, reaching 56% by 2020, surpassing fossil energy projects. However, the investment in coal projects (including coal power and coal mines) has been declining since the peak in 2015, and has dropped to zero in the first half of 2021.

The second is to promote the greening of industrial parks built in countries along the 'the belt and road initiative', strengthen the ecological environment protection, optimize the industrial structure and replace them with clean energy. Relevant research shows that the industrial energy consumption intensity of the belt and road initiative Industrial Park is 50%-60% lower than that of the host country. Brunei's Dharma Oil Refining and Chemical Industry Park, which focuses on 'refining and chemical integration', Indonesia's Qingshan Park, which focuses on 'nickel-iron+stainless steel integration', and Mazhong Guan Dan Industrial Park, which focuses on 'iron and steel joint project', have basically realized the construction of integrated solutions such as comprehensive utilization of energy resources, green infrastructure and public services, material recycling, environmental protection, water saving and cleaner production.  

Third, China's financial institutions have continuously increased their efforts to promote the development of green finance, and strengthened their financing support for 'the belt and road initiative' green projects. China attaches great importance to the role of finance in green and low-carbon development and is one of the first countries to develop green finance. At present, China is constantly improving and optimizing the green financial policy framework to support green and low-carbon development. Policy banks such as China Development Bank, Export-Import Bank of China and major commercial banks have given priority to green projects, and the scale of green credit has continued to expand, and innovative green financial products such as green bonds, clean energy investment funds and green PPP have been continuously introduced.

 


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