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News & info News

The cost pressure of new energy vehicle enterprises rises in the new year

日期: 2022-02-17
浏览次数: 1

On February 17, the official website of the national development and Reform Commission announced that according to the recent changes in oil prices in the international market and the current price formation mechanism of refined oil, the domestic gasoline and diesel prices have increased by 210 yuan and 200 yuan per ton respectively since 24:00 yesterday.

While the oil price rose, the price of lithium carbonate also continued to 'soar'. As the main power source of fuel vehicles and new energy vehicles, will the obvious price fluctuation also have a corresponding impact on the production and sales of the whole vehicle market? In response to these problems, the all media reporter of Guangzhou Daily interviewed industry experts, analyzed the competition of fuel vehicles and new energy vehicles in the current automobile market, and prospected the automobile market in 2022.

At 24:00 yesterday, the oil price rose, and it cost 8 yuan to fill a box

On the national average, the No. 92 gasoline will be increased by 0.16 yuan per liter; 95 gasoline will be increased by 0.17 yuan per liter; 0 diesel increased by 0.17 yuan per liter. According to the estimation of the capacity of 50L fuel tank of general household automobile, filling a box of No. 92 gasoline will cost 8 yuan more.

The reporter noted that the retail volume of new energy passenger vehicles increased by 132% year-on-year in January. Will the rise in oil prices affect consumers' purchase demand for fuel vehicles, thereby bringing benefits to the sales of new energy vehicles? 'For those who choose new energy vehicles, the rising oil price is indeed an important consideration.' Zhang Yi, CEO and chief analyst of Guangzhou AI media digital information Consulting Co., Ltd., said in an interview with the Guangzhou Daily all media reporter that from his research, he found that the consumer motivation for choosing new energy vehicles is mainly the following two: first, it already has fuel vehicles and takes new energy vehicles as a supplement to fuel vehicles; The other is that the maintenance cost of fuel vehicles is too high, and electric vehicles have relatively low cost.

In this regard, Zhang Xiang, a researcher at the automotive industry innovation research center of Northern University of technology, also pointed out that the rise in oil prices is good news for new energy vehicles, but its effect is relatively limited. 'Especially in the long run, there is still uncertainty about the rise of oil prices. Therefore, the development of new energy vehicles cannot place hope on the rise of oil prices.' In Zhang Xiang's view, in addition to economic development and market travel demand, the factors that have the greatest impact on car production and sales are also affected by the iterative speed of new technology update. 'Many car owners are more willing to pay for the latest 'black technology' cars, which will shorten the replacement cycle'.

The salt lake lithium plate has risen rapidly, and some auto enterprises have begun to raise prices

On New Year's day in 2022, the price of battery grade lithium carbonate exceeded 300000 yuan / ton. In just over a month, the price increase has been close to 40%. On February 17, the salt lake lithium extraction plate rose rapidly, among which Donghua technology, Jinyuan Co., Ltd. and Tianqi lithium industry rose by the limit. Industry insiders believe that the recent 'soaring' price of lithium carbonate is mainly due to the fact that the new production capacity has not been put into operation and the tightening of overseas lithium mine development. The most important factor leading to tight supply is that the growth rate of downstream new energy vehicles is much higher than that of lithium carbonate. Meanwhile, with the decline of subsidies for new energy vehicles and the sharp rise in the price of basic resources such as lithium, new energy vehicle enterprises are facing certain cost pressure.

'This means that the acquisition of lithium ore or lithium will cost more in the future.' Zhang Yi said that this will have two obvious consequences: first, the price of batteries will continue to rise, so it is almost unrealistic for the price of new energy vehicles to decline significantly in the short term, because batteries are the most valuable in new energy vehicles; Second, promote the reform and technological breakthrough of the energy system and promote the vigorous development of new energy batteries. Zhang Xiang also said, 'the long-term price rise of lithium battery materials will put great price pressure on car enterprises. Now a few car enterprises have begun to raise prices, mainly because some car enterprises in short supply in the market have the highest price rise.'

However, the price adjustment of new energy vehicle enterprises has also become a 'double-edged sword' for themselves. Zhang Xiang said that at present, most new energy vehicle enterprises are still in a state of serious overcapacity, and most vehicle enterprises dare not raise the price at will. He revealed that at present, the price increase of vehicle enterprises is mainly through the introduction of the next generation of new models, including the rise of raw material costs, rather than adjusting the price of existing models.

Facing the new energy vehicle market in 2022, the China passenger Federation believes that vehicle enterprises should be able to resolve the pressure, and the market price of new energy vehicles is not expected to rise significantly, and predicts that the new energy vehicle market will continue to maintain rapid growth in 2022. Zhang Xiang is also optimistic about the trend of this year's auto market and believes that the core shortage problem generally faced by auto enterprises last year will be alleviated.

According to the prediction of China Automobile Industry Association, the total sales volume of Chinese cars in 2022 will be 27.5 million, with a year-on-year increase of 5.4%, of which the sales volume of new energy vehicles will be 5 million, with a year-on-year increase of 47%.

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